Measuring little more than 5 centimeters from beak to tail and weighing less than 2 grams, the bee hummingbird is the smallest known bird. It is also known as the zunzuncito or Helena hummingbird (Mellisuga helenae).
This species of bird lives on the island of Cuba as well as the Isle of Youth (an extension of the Cuba archipelago).
The male is smaller than the female and has a red head and neck, its back and wings are a metallic blue color and its chest and abdomen are grayish white. The female is slightly larger, bluish green in color with a white chest and abdomen and with white spots at the end of the tail.
Fun facts about the Bee Hummingbird.
- Their nest is barely 3 centimeters in diameter, as such, it is also the smallest nest of all bird species.
- When flying, they flap their wings 80 times per second. This allows them to remain in the same position in the air for a long period of time. One of the typical images of the bee hummingbird is when it is drinking nectar from flowers without needing to perch. When mating, they are able to flap their wings up to 200 times per second.
- They consume half their weight in food and drink up to 8 times their weight in water every day.
- The species was discovered by German scientist and naturalist Juan Cristobal Gundlach in 1844.
Below, you can see a video of this lovely bird.